anti-RAC1 antibody

anti-RAC1 antibody for Flow cytometry,IHC-Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections,Western blot and Human,Mouse,Rat

Cancer antibody; Cell Biology and Cellular Response antibody; Gene Regulation antibody; Immune System antibody; Signaling Transduction antibody


Product Description Mouse Monoclonal antibody recognizes RAC1
Tested Reactivity Hu, Ms, Rat
Tested Application FACS, IHC-P, WB
Specificity This antibody might also react to RAC2 and RAC3 duo to the sequence analysis results.
Host Mouse
Clonality Monoclonal
Clone 1301CT276.121.104
Target Name RAC1
Antigen Species Human
Immunogen KLH-conjugated synthetic peptide from Human RAC1 protein (NP_008839.2).
Conjugation Un-conjugated
Alternate Names Ras-like protein TC25; p21-Rac1; MIG5; Rac-1; TC-25; Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1; Cell migration-inducing gene 5 protein

Application Instructions

Application Suggestion
Tested Application Dilution
Application Note * The dilutions indicate recommended starting dilutions and the optimal dilutions or concentrations should be determined by the scientist.
Positive Control A431


Purification Protein G purified
Buffer PBS and 0.09% (W/V) Sodium azide
Preservative 0.09% (W/V) Sodium azide
Storage Instruction For continuous use, store undiluted antibody at 2-8°C for up to a week. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20°C or below. Storage in frost free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Suggest spin the vial prior to opening. The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.
Note For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.


Database Links

GeneID: 19353 Mouse RAC1

GeneID: 363875 Rat RAC1

GeneID: 5879 Human RAC1

Gene Symbol RAC1
Gene Full Name ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac1)
Background The protein encoded by this gene is a GTPase which belongs to the RAS superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins. Members of this superfamily appear to regulate a diverse array of cellular events, including the control of cell growth, cytoskeletal reorganization, and the activation of protein kinases. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2009]
Function Plasma membrane-associated small GTPase which cycles between active GTP-bound and inactive GDP-bound states. In its active state, binds to a variety of effector proteins to regulate cellular responses such as secretory processes, phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, epithelial cell polarization and growth-factor induced formation of membrane ruffles. Rac1 p21/rho GDI heterodimer is the active component of the cytosolic factor sigma 1, which is involved in stimulation of the NADPH oxidase activity in macrophages. Essential for the SPATA13-mediated regulation of cell migration and adhesion assembly and disassembly. Stimulates PKN2 kinase activity. In concert with RAB7A, plays a role in regulating the formation of RBs (ruffled borders) in osteoclasts. In glioma cells, promotes cell migration and invasion. In podocytes, promotes nuclear shuttling of NR3C2; this modulation is required for a proper kidney functioning. Required for atypical chemokine receptor ACKR2-induced LIMK1-PAK1-dependent phosphorylation of cofilin (CFL1) and for up-regulation of ACKR2 from endosomal compartment to cell membrane, increasing its efficiency in chemokine uptake and degradation. In synapses, seems to mediate the regulation of F-actin cluster formation performed by SHANK3. [From Uniprot]
Cellular Localization Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Melanosome. Cytoplasm. Note=Inner surface of plasma membrane possibly with attachment requiring prenylation of the C-terminal cysteine (By similarity). Identified by mass spectrometry in melanosome fractions from stage I to stage IV. Found in the ruffled border (a late endosomal-like compartment in the plasma membrane) of bone-resorbing osteoclasts (By similarity).
Research Area Cancer antibody; Cell Biology and Cellular Response antibody; Gene Regulation antibody; Immune System antibody; Signaling Transduction antibody
Calculated MW 21 kDa
PTM (Microbial infection) AMPylation at Tyr-32 and Thr-35 are mediated by bacterial enzymes in case of infection by H.somnus and V.parahaemolyticus, respectively. AMPylation occurs in the effector region and leads to inactivation of the GTPase activity by preventing the interaction with downstream effectors, thereby inhibiting actin assembly in infected cells. It is unclear whether some human enzyme mediates AMPylation; FICD has such ability in vitro but additional experiments remain to be done to confirm results in vivo.
GTP-bound active form is ubiquitinated by HACE1, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
(Microbial infection) Glycosylated at Tyr-32 by Photorhabdus asymbiotica toxin PAU_02230. Mono-O-GlcNAcylation by PAU_02230 inhibits downstream signaling by an impaired interaction with diverse regulator and effector proteins of Rac and leads to actin disassembly.

Images (3) Click the Picture to Zoom In

  • ARG54719 anti-RAC1 antibody IHC-P image

    Immunohistochemistry: Paraffin-embedded Human skin section stained with ARG54719 anti-RAC1 antibody at 1:25 dilution.

  • ARG54719 anti-RAC1 antibody WB image

    Western blot: 35 µg of A431 cell lysate stained with ARG54719 anti-RAC1 antibody at 1:1000 dilution.

  • ARG54719 anti-RAC1 antibody FACS image

    Flow Cytometry: U-87 MG cells stained with ARG54719 anti-RAC1 antibody (right histogram) at 1:100 dilution or isotype control antibody (left histogram), followed by incubation with Alexa Fluor® 488 labelled secondary antibody.