anti-Fractin antibody for Immunohistochemistry,Western blot and Human,Rat
Cancer antibody; Cell Death antibody; Controls and Markers antibody; Signaling Transduction antibody
|Product Description||Rabbit Polyclonal antibody recognizes Fractin|
|Tested Reactivity||Hu, Rat|
|Tested Application||IHC, WB|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acid residues from the C terminal region of the 32-kDa actin fragment|
|Alternate Names||CFTDM; MPFD; CFTD; ASMA; NEM1; NEM2; NEM3; Alpha-actin-1; ACTA; CFTD1; Actin, alpha skeletal muscle|
|Application Note||Specific for the ~ 32 kDa fractin protein in Western blots with no reactivity to intact actin. There is often a ladder of smaller bands in cells or culture or in vivo prepaRations due to further degradation by other proteases.
* The dilutions indicate recommended starting dilutions and the optimal dilutions or concentrations should be determined by the scientist.
|Storage Instruction||For continuous use, store undiluted antibody at 2-8°C for up to a week. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20°C or below. Storage in frost free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Suggest spin the vial prior to opening. The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Note||For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.|
|Gene Symbol||fragment of Actin|
|Gene Full Name||actin, alpha 1, skeletal muscle|
|Background||Fractin (fragment of actin) is a caspase-specific cleavage product of actin and serves as a novel marker of apoptosis-related events. The antibody has been shown to detect the processes and cell bodies of degenerating neurons and plaque-associated microglia in Alzheimer’s disease (Yang et al., 1998). It has recently been reported that Fractin may have a functional role in apoptotic signaling in oligodendrocytes (Schulz, R., et al., Glia, 2009)|
|Research Area||Cancer antibody; Cell Death antibody; Controls and Markers antibody; Signaling Transduction antibody|
|Calculated MW||42 kDa|
|PTM||Oxidation of Met-46 and Met-49 by MICALs (MICAL1, MICAL2 or MICAL3) to form methionine sulfoxide promotes actin filament depolymerization. MICAL1 and MICAL2 produce the (R)-S-oxide form. The (R)-S-oxide form is reverted by MSRB1 and MSRB2, which promote actin repolymerization (By similarity).
Monomethylation at Lys-86 (K84me1) regulates actin-myosin interaction and actomyosin-dependent processes. Demethylation by ALKBH4 is required for maintaining actomyosin dynamics supporting normal cleavage furrow ingression during cytokinesis and cell migration.
(Microbial infection) Monomeric actin is cross-linked by V.cholerae toxins RtxA and VgrG1 in case of infection: bacterial toxins mediate the cross-link between Lys-52 of one monomer and Glu-272 of another actin monomer, resulting in formation of highly toxic actin oligomers that cause cell rounding (PubMed:19015515). The toxin can be highly efficient at very low concentrations by acting on formin homology family proteins: toxic actin oligomers bind with high affinity to formins and adversely affect both nucleation and elongation abilities of formins, causing their potent inhibition in both profilin-dependent and independent manners (PubMed:26228148).
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