anti-CD163 antibody [SQab19148]
anti-CD163 antibody [SQab19148] for IHC-Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections and Human
|Product Description||Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal antibody [SQab19148] recognizes CD163|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide within aa. 1056-1156 of Human CD163.|
|Full Name||CD163 molecule|
|Alternate Names||sCD163; M130; Scavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130; MM130; CD antigen CD163; Hemoglobin scavenger receptor|
|Application Note||IHC-P: Antigen Retrieval: Heat mediation was performed in Tris/EDTA buffer (pH 9.0), primary antibody incubate at RT (18°C - 25°C) for 30 minutes.
* The dilutions indicate recommended starting dilutions and the optimal dilutions or concentrations should be determined by the scientist.
|Purification||Purification with Protein A.|
|Buffer||PBS, 0.01% Sodium azide, 40% Glycerol and 0.05% BSA.|
|Preservative||0.01% Sodium azide|
|Stabilizer||40% Glycerol and 0.05% BSA|
|Storage instruction||For continuous use, store undiluted antibody at 2-8°C for up to a week. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20°C. Storage in frost free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Suggest spin the vial prior to opening. The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Note||For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.|
|Gene Full Name||CD163 molecule|
|Background||The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) superfamily, and is exclusively expressed in monocytes and macrophages. It functions as an acute phase-regulated receptor involved in the clearance and endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes by macrophages, and may thereby protect tissues from free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage. This protein may also function as an innate immune sensor for bacteria and inducer of local inflammation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]|
|Function||Acute phase-regulated receptor involved in clearance and endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes by macrophages and may thereby protect tissues from free hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage. May play a role in the uptake and recycling of iron, via endocytosis of hemoglobin/haptoglobin and subsequent breakdown of heme. Binds hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes in a calcium-dependent and pH-dependent manner. Exhibits a higher affinity for complexes of hemoglobin and multimeric haptoglobin of HP*1F phenotype than for complexes of hemoglobin and dimeric haptoglobin of HP*1S phenotype. Induces a cascade of intracellular signals that involves tyrosine kinase-dependent calcium mobilization, inositol triphosphate production and secretion of IL6 and CSF1. Isoform 3 exhibits the higher capacity for ligand endocytosis and the more pronounced surface expression when expressed in cells.
After shedding, the soluble form (sCD163) may play an anti-inflammatory role, and may be a valuable diagnostic parameter for monitoring macrophage activation in inflammatory conditions. [UniProt]
|Cellular Localization||Soluble CD163: Secreted. Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Isoform 1 and isoform 2 show a lower surface expression when expressed in cells. [UniProt]|
|PTM||A soluble form (sCD163) is produced by proteolytic shedding which can be induced by lipopolysaccharide, phorbol ester and Fc region of immunoglobulin gamma. This cleavage is dependent on protein kinase C and tyrosine kinases and can be blocked by protease inhibitors. The shedding is inhibited by the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase TIMP3, and thus probably induced by membrane-bound metalloproteinases ADAMs.
Images (1) Click the Picture to Zoom In