anti-Vimentin antibody [2D1]
anti-Vimentin antibody [2D1] for ICC/IF,IHC-Frozen sections,Western blot and Bovine,Human,Mouse,Pig,Rat
Cancer antibody; Controls and Markers antibody; Developmental Biology antibody; Neuroscience antibody; Signaling Transduction antibody
Mouse Monoclonal antibody [2D1] recognizes Vimentin
|Tested Reactivity||Hu, Ms, Rat, Bov, Pig|
|Tested Application||ICC/IF, IHC-Fr, WB|
|Immunogen||Recombinant human vimentin purified from E. coli|
|Alternate Names||Vimentin; CTRCT30; HEL113|
|Application Note||Specific for the ~50kDa vimentin protein.
* The dilutions indicate recommended starting dilutions and the optimal dilutions or concentrations should be determined by the scientist.
|Buffer||PBS and 10 mM Sodium azide|
|Preservative||10 mM Sodium azide|
|Storage instruction||For continuous use, store undiluted antibody at 2-8°C for up to a week. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20°C or below. Storage in frost free freezers is not recommended. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Suggest spin the vial prior to opening. The antibody solution should be gently mixed before use.|
|Note||For laboratory research only, not for drug, diagnostic or other use.|
|Gene Full Name||vimentin|
|Background||Vimentin is the major protein subunit of the 10nm or intermediate filaments (IFs) found in many kinds of mesenchymal and epithelial cells as well as developing neuronal and astrocytic precursor cells in the CNS. Vimentin is thought to be critically involved in lymphocyte adhesion and transmigration (Nieminen M et al. 2006). Copolymers are frequently formed between vimentin and other IFs, such as GFAP (in many kinds of astrocytes), desmin (in muscle cells) and neurofilament proteins (in developing neurons). Antibodies to vimentin are useful in studies of stem cells and generally to reveal the filamentous cytoskeleton. Recent studies suggest that vimentin affects prostate cancer cells motility and invasiveness (Zhao et al. 2008).|
|Research Area||Cancer antibody; Controls and Markers antibody; Developmental Biology antibody; Neuroscience antibody; Signaling Transduction antibody|
|PTM||Filament disassembly during mitosis is promoted by phosphorylation at Ser-55 as well as by nestin (By similarity). One of the most prominent phosphoproteins in various cells of mesenchymal origin. Phosphorylation is enhanced during cell division, at which time vimentin filaments are significantly reorganized. Phosphorylation by PKN1 inhibits the formation of filaments. Phosphorylated at Ser-56 by CDK5 during neutrophil secretion in the cytoplasm. Phosphorylated by STK33.
O-glycosylated during cytokinesis at sites identical or close to phosphorylation sites, this interferes with the phosphorylation status.
S-nitrosylation is induced by interferon-gamma and oxidatively-modified low-densitity lipoprotein (LDL(ox)) possibly implicating the iNOS-S100A8/9 transnitrosylase complex.
Images (2) Click the Picture to Zoom In
ARG52469 anti-Vimentin antibody [2D1] WB image
Western blot: HeLa cells stained with ARG52469 anti-Vimentin antibody [2D1] showing specific immunolabeling of the ~50k vimentin protein.
ARG52469 anti-Vimentin antibody [2D1] ICC/IF image
Immunofluorescence: Mixed neuron/glial cultures stained with anti-vimentin (green) and rabbit anti-GFAP antibody (ARG52312) (red).
Vimentin is expressed alone in fibroblastic and endothelial cells, which are the flattened cells in the middle of the image which appear green.
Astrocytes may express primarily GFAP, or GFAP and vimentin, and so appear red (GFAP only) or golden yellow (GFAP and Vimentin).
In cells which express both GFAP and vimentin, the two proteins assemble to produce heteropolymer filaments.